VALENTINE / LOVE
Celebrated on February 14 yearly, Saint Valentine’s Day or Valentine’s Day is the normal day on which lovers convey their love to one another by sending Valentine’s playing cards, typically even anonymously. The commonest function of Valentines Day lately is the mutual trade of affection notes within the type of “valentines”. Fashionable Valentine symbols of recent occasions embrace the heart-shaped define and the determine of the winged Cupid. Because the 19th century, mass produced greeting playing cards have largely changed handwritten notes. It’s believed that just about one billion Valentines Day playing cards are despatched annually worldwide, making it solely the second largest card-sending vacation subsequent to Christmas. Ladies are believed to buy roughly 85 p.c of all “valentines”.
Tales of many Valentines
Opinions differ about who St Valentine was. Early martyrologies point out not less than three St Valentines underneath the date of 14 February. One is a priest at Rome, one other a Bishop of Interamna (now Terni in Italy) and the opposite lived and died in Africa. Many, nonetheless, are of the opinion that the primary two are the identical particular person Valentinstag 2019.
It’s, nonetheless, broadly believed that Valentine’s Day has maybe originated from the traditional Roman feast of Lupercalia. A competition was held on February 15 in honor of one in every of their gods Lupercus, who was known as upon by the Romans to chase away the threats of these fierce wolves that roamed the adjoining forests. On the eve of the competition of Lupercalia, a love lottery was organized during which the names of Roman women have been written on slips of paper and positioned into jars. Every younger man then drew a slip and the lady whose title he picked up was to be his sweetheart for the yr.
The vacation subsequently turned Valentine’s Day after a priest named Valentine. At the moment when Christianity was nonetheless a brand new faith, Valentine was a priest in Rome. The then Emperor Claudius II, had issued an order forbidding the Roman troopers to marry or grow to be engaged. The emperor believed that after they bought married, his troopers would need to keep dwelling moderately than struggle his wars. Valentine defied the Emperor’s decree and secretly married the younger . He was lastly arrested, imprisoned, and beheaded on February 14, the eve of Lupercalia. Valentine was posthumously named a saint. As Christianity grew stronger in Rome, the clergymen moved the Lupercalia or spring vacation from February 15 to February 14, i.e., Valentine’s Day. Since then the vacation started honoring Saint Valentine as an alternative of Lupercus.
“Out of your Valentine”
Based on one other story, Valentine was one of many early Christians who was seized and dragged earlier than the Prefect of Rome and jailed for serving to some Christian martyrs. He cured the jailor’s daughter of blindness whereas in jail. When the emperor discovered of this miracle he ordered the beheading of Valentine. Valentine is claimed to have despatched the jailor’s daughter a farewell message signed, “Out of your Valentine”.
In 1969, as half of a bigger effort to scale back the variety of saint days of purely legendary origin, the Church eliminated St. Valentine’s Day as an official vacation from its calendar. At current, February 14 is devoted solely to Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius.